Digitalno kukalo s kamero in GDPR

Uredba 2016/679 Evropskega parlamenta in Sveta EU, znana kot  GDPR , služi kot glavni zakonodajni del na področju varstva osebnih podatkov po vsej Evropski uniji. Prejšnji zakon je torej reduciran, predvsem na zakonodajo o pristojnosti in organizaciji Urada za varstvo osebnih podatkov oz. nekaj drugih dejstev.

Vendar GDPR, tako kot prvotni zakon o varstvu osebnih podatkov, vsebuje v svojem členu 2(2)(a) (c) izjema od področja uporabe Splošne uredbe v zvezi z obdelavo osebnih podatkov s strani fizične osebe v okviru izključno osebnih ali domačih dejavnosti.

Dejstvo, da se prebivalci hiše premikajo okoli vrat z digitalnim kukalko s kamero , oz njihovih družinskih članov ali gostov, v večini primerov samo po sebi ne pomeni posega v pravice do varstva osebnih podatkov, saj velja zgoraj opisana izjema (v nasprotnem primeru bi bil lastnik stanovanja objavil ustrezni zapis, npr. internet, ko je že jasno, da ne bo šlo za obdelavo osebnih podatkov izključno za osebne namene).

Problem je situacija, ko kukalo kaže neposredno na vrata nasprotnega stanovanja, v primeru odpiranja vrat pa beleži tudi prostor v tem stanovanju.

To se že lahko šteje za poseg v zasebnost in ga je mogoče preprečiti s tožbo v civilnem postopku. V skladu z določbami § 86 Civilnega zakonika nihče ne sme posegati v zasebnost drugega, razen če za to ima pravni razlog. Zlasti brez privolitve te osebe ni mogoče motiti njegovih zasebnih prostorov, spremljati njegovo zasebno življenje ali narediti avdio ali video posnetek.

Da digitalno kukalo snema notranjost tujega stanovanja, je lahko zelo težko dokazati.

Kako izbrati kukalo za vrata s kamero

Digitalno kukalo za vrata postaja vse bolj priljubljen pripomoček v gospodinjstvih. Medtem ko preprosta digitalna kukala za vrata služijo le za bolj priročen prikaz prostora pred vrati, lahko višji modeli služijo kot zelo učinkovit varnostni sistem, vključno z možnostjo snemanja, zaznavanja gibanja in takojšnjega obveščanja mobilnega telefona, ko je zaznana sumljiva dejavnost.

 

 

Osnovna delitev digitalnih vratnih kukal

 

Diskretno

Diskretno
 

Večnamenski

Večnamenski
 

Poseben

Poseben
 

Kot pove že ime, so večnamenska digitalna kukala za vrata opremljena z dodatnimi elementi, zahvaljujoč temu, da kukalo opravlja več funkcij. Nasprotno pa diskretna kukala na sebi nimajo dodatnih elementov, zato so njihove funkcije običajno omejene. Posebna kukala združujejo večnamenske funkcije z diskretnim videzom .

 

Diskretno

+ popolnoma diskreten videz
+ dolga življenjska doba baterije 
+ prikaz prostora pred vrati na ekranu

- brez zaznavanja gibanja
- brez nočnega vida
- brez komunikacije na daljavo

- pojdi v ponudbo -

 

Večnamenski

+ dolga življenjska doba baterije
+ avtomatski zajem fotografij z zaznavanjem gibanja
+ vid tudi v popolni temi
+ funkcija zvonca
+ prikaz prostora pred vrati na zaslonu
+ možnost komunikacije na daljavo

- videz, ki pritegne pozornost

- pojdi v ponudbo -

 

 

Poseben

+ popolnoma diskreten videz
+ video snemanje z zaznavanjem gibanja
+ prikaz prostora pred vrati na zaslonu
+ vid tudi pri šibki svetlobi
+ možnost komunikacije na daljavo
+ aplikacija za pametni telefon
+ ni treba menjati baterij

- mora biti priključen na el. omrežja
- višja cena

Za kakšen namen nameravate uporabiti kukalo?

Olajšajte pogled pred vrata

Če je digitalna vratna kuka namenjena le udobnejšemu pogledu na to, kdo stoji pred vrati, potem bo zadostoval eden od osnovnih modelov , saj imajo to funkcijo vse digitalne vratne luknje .

 

Evidenca obiskov

Da bi kukalo beležilo obiske, mora biti opremljeno s tipko za zvonec ali detektorjem gibanja.

Primerna kukala si lahko ogledate tukaj .

Spremljajte, kdo se je kdaj premaknil pri vratih

Za te namene mora biti kukalo opremljeno s senzorjem gibanja . Druga možnost je WiFi modul, zahvaljujoč kateremu se boste lahko nanj povezali prek spleta od koder koli na svetu.

  • preklopite na digitalne kukala za vrata s senzorjem gibanja
  • preklopi na digitalne kukala za vrata s senzorjem gibanja in wifi modulom

 

Izpostavljenost vandalu

Da bi lahko digitalna vratna kukalo zaznala vandala, ki dela nagajivo pred vašimi vrati, mora izpolnjevati naslednja 2 parametra:

 

Najboljše kukalo za vrata na trgu

Trenutno je najboljša digitalna kuka za vrata na trgu  Secutek SKI-ID158  iz spodaj navedenih razlogov.

 

  • izjemno širok zorni kot (180°)
  • popolnoma diskreten videz
  • zaznavanje gibanja z možnostjo takojšnjega obveščanja na mobilni telefon
  • snemanje na pomnilniško kartico do 128 GB z zaznavanjem gibanja
  • spletni predogled na daljavo , kot tudi predvajanje predhodno posnetih posnetkov
  • nočni vid
  • Full HD ločljivost
  • zlati ali srebrni dizajn
  • Diskreten videz
    Če bi bila kukalo na digitalnih vratih vidno, bi bil vandal bolj previden in bi najprej uničil kukalo.

  • Zaznavanje gibanja
    Kukala mora imeti možnost začeti snemati takoj, ko se oseba približa vratom. Zelo praktična funkcija je tako imenovani pred-snemanje , ki se začne snemati nekaj sekund pred dekodiranjem gibanja.

Pogosto zastavljena vprašanja

Ali je mogoče gledati sliko na spletu na mobilnem telefonu?

 

Ja, je. V ta namen izberite modele, ki so opremljeni z modulom WiFi.

Ali bom imel zapis, ko nekdo razbije kukalo?

 

da. Posnetek je shranjen v monitorju, ki se nahaja v vašem stanovanju. Če nekdo razbije kamero, to ne bo vplivalo na prej posnete posnetke, tako da zlahka ugotovite, kdo je poškodoval kukalo.

 

Ali je za namestitev kukalke s kamero potrebno soglasje sosedov?

Za namestitev samega digitalnega kukalka soglasje sosedov ni potrebno. Kukala pa ne sme beležiti skupnih prostorov hiše. Običajno pa nikakor ni mogoče preveriti, ali snemanje poteka ali ne.

 

Digitalne kukala za vrata in GDPR

Če zasebnik uporablja kukalo za vrata s kamero izključno za osebno uporabo, zanj velja izjema od GDPR (glej 3. odst. 3. ZOOÚ), GDPR pa zanj zato ne velja.

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